The aim of BONUS FUMARI is to make a proposal for a renewed monitoring system of the Baltic Sea marine environment. This will require a thorough review of the gaps between the monitoring requirements set in the international legislation and the existing monitoring and data management.

BONUS FUMARI will also explore the possibilities that novel monitoring methods can offer to address the shortcomings in the existing monitoring system. The recommendations aim to enhance the spatial coverage, comparability, sensitivity and cost effectiveness of Baltic Sea monitoring.

The monitoring requirements are based on a wide range of international and European legislation, directives and policies. This can create overlapping and sometimes even divergent demands for the monitoring. Evaluating the current policy implementation with a gap analysis is necessary to define the synergies between various directives and to achieve their common goal of sustainable marine ecosystem management.

A group of people lined up. Photo.

Kristian Meissner (coordinator, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE), Laura Uusitalo, Heikki Pitkänen, Harri Kuosa, Jenni Attila and Timo Pyhälahti (SYKE), Daniel Hering, Sebastian Birk and Leoni Mack (Universität Duisburg-Essen), Maria Kahlert and Leonard Sandin (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences), Antonia Liess (Halmstad University), Kari Eilola, Lena Viktorsson and Anna Willstrand Wranne (Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute)

BONUS FUMARI specifically aims to answer the following questions:

  • Does the current monitoring sufficiently address the requirements set by the European Union´s data collection regulation, Water Framework Directive and Marine Strategy Framework Directive, and HELCOM´s Baltic Sea Action Plan?
  • What are the most critical shortcomings in the current marine monitoring programs?
  • Which novel methods could efficiently enhance the coverage, cost effectiveness and reliability of the Baltic marine monitoring?
  • How and when can these novel methods be used in operational monitoring?
  • How could the monitoring system be rearranged and complemented with traditional and novel methods for improved coverage, sensitivity, and cost effectiveness?